Kelsey, Michael. Hiking and Exploring Utah’s Henry Mountains and Robbers Roost. Provo, UT: Kelsey Publishing, 1987, pp. 38-39

Kelsey, Michael, Canyon Hiking Guide to the Colorado Plateau. Provo, UT: Kelsey Publishing, 1986, pp. 118-119

Powell, J. W. The Exploration of the Colorado River and Its Canyons. New York: Dover Publications, 1961

Abbey, Edward. Desert Solitaire. New York: RosettaBooks LLC, 2011 (originally published 1968)

“Western Wildway,” The Wildlands Network, retrieved August 2016,

“The Western Wildway Initiative (Spine of the Continent Initiative©) Connects the World’s Largest Network of Conservation Lands,” The Wildlands Network, retrieved August 2016,

“State, Federal, Local and Private Entities Collaborate to Build Wildlife Crossings along a 12-Mile Stretch of Highway 89 in Southern Utah,” Western Governors’ Association Case Study, April 2014

Maffly, Brian, “Utah Wildlife Crossing Set to Save Hundreds of Migrating Deer, “ The Salt Lake Tribune, May 16, 2013

“Geologic Provinces of the United States: Colorado Plateau Province,” U.S. Geological Survey, retrieved August 2016,

Foos, Annabelle, “Geology of the Colorado Plateau,” Geology Department, University of Akron, retrieved December 2015,

“Stratigraphy of the Capitol Reef National Park Region,” U.S. Geological Survey, retrieved May 2017,

Wormington, H. M. Prehistoric Indians of the Southwest. Denver: The Denver Museum of Natural History, 1975.

Lummis, Charles F. The Land of Poco Tiempo. Albuquerque: The University of New Mexico Press, 1952 (originally published in 1893 by Charles Scribner’s Sons)

Jenkins, Mark Collins, “John Wesley Powel: Soldier, Explorer, Scientist, and National Geographic Founder,” National Geographic, retrieved December 2015,

Abbey, Edward. Beyond the Wall, Essays from the Outside. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1984.

“Wilderness Study Area,” U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Land Management, retrieved July 2016,

“The Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo, 2 Feb 1848,” Modern History Sourcebook, Fordham University, retrieved September 2016,

Utah Statehood Enabling Act of 1894, Utah State Archives, retrieved April 2017,

“R.S. 2477 Roads,” Utah’s Public Lands Policy Coordinating Office, retrieved February 2017,

Belnap, Jayne, “Cryptobiotic Soils: Holding the Place in Place,” U.S. Geological Survey, retrieved February 2017,

“Hoax Highways (RS 2477),” Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance, retrieved April 2017,

“A Modest Proposal: The State of Utah Manages (Devours) Your Public Lands,” Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance, retrieved April 2017,

“Dirty Devil WSA,” Bureau of Land Management, retrieved December 2015,

“Richfield Field Office WSAs,” Bureau of Land Management, retrieved February 2017

“The Dirty Devil Wilderness,” Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance, retrieved February 2017,

Bureau of Land Management-Utah, National Conservation Lands, 5-Year Strategy, 2014-2019, retrieved August 2016,

Bureau of Land Management, The National Landscape Conservation System, 15-Year Strategy, 2010-2025, An Overview, 2011, retrieved August 2016,

Bureau of Land Management, The National Landscape Conservation System, 15-Year Strategy, 2010-2025, The Geography of Hope, 2011, retrieved August 2016,

Bureau of Land Management-Utah website, retrieved August 2016,

“America’s Red Rock Wilderness Act,” Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance, retrieved August 2016,

Utah Wilderness Coalition. Wilderness at the Edge, A Citizen Proposal to Protect Utah’s Canyons and Deserts. Salt Lake City: UWC, 1990.

H.R.2430 – America’s Red Rock Wilderness Act, introduced in the House 05/19/2015, retrieved August 2016,

Bureau of Land Management, Approved Land Use Plan Amendments/Record of Decision (ROD) for Allocation of Oil Shale and Tar Sands Resources on Lands Administered by the Bureau of Land Management in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming and Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement, BLM-WO-GI-13-003-1793, March 2013

“About Tar Sands,” 2012 Oil Shale & Tar Sands Programmatic EIS, Bureau of Land Management, retrieved September 2016,

Ketcham, Christopher, “This Land Was Your Land,” American Prospect, February 4, 2014, retrieved September 2016,

Monbiot, George, “Leave It in the Ground,” The Guardian, December 2007.

“History of the Idea,” LINGO, Leave It in the Ground Initiative website, retrieved September 2016,

“Keep It in the Ground,” Jeff Merkley, U.S. Senator for Oregon, website, retrieved April 2017,

Abbey, Edward. The Best of Edward Abbey. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1984.

Bergera, Gary James, ed. On Desert Trails with Everett Ruess. Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith Publisher, 2000.

Austin, Mary. The Land of Little Rain. New York: Open Road Integrated Media, 2016 (originally published 1903).

Fedarko, Kevin, “Losing the Grand Canyon,” National Geographic, September 2016

Greater Grand Canyon Heritage National Monument website, retrieved January 2017,

“Our Work,” Grand Canyon Trust, retrieved January 2017,

Schmieding, Samuel J. From Controversy to Compromise to Cooperation, The Administrative History of Canyonlands National Park. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 2008.

“Utah National Monuments,” Bureau of Land Management, retrieved 2017,

“Bears Ears National Monument: The First Truly Native American National Monument in History!” Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance, retrieved December 2017,

Johnson, Kristina, “Bears Ears Monument Is a Win for Tribal Food Sovereignty. Will Trump Undo It?” NPR, January 9, 2017,

“List of National Parks within the Colorado Plateau,” USGS website, retrieved January 2017,

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of Utah, 1540-1886, Chapter 1: “Discoveries of the Spaniards, 1540-1777,” published 1889, retrieved January 2017,,_1540-1886/Chapter_1

“Greater Grand Canyon Heritage, Greater Canyonlands and Gold Butte National Monuments,” Center for Biological Diversity, retrieved January 2017,

“Greater Canyonlands National Monument,” UtahSierran, Utah Chapter Sierra Club, retrieved January 2017,

Winslow, Ben, “Governor Signs Resolution to Rescind Bears Ears National Monument,” February 4, 2017, Fox 13 News, retrieved March 2017,

Fears, Darryl, “Bears Ears Is a National Monument Now. But It Will Take a Fight to Save It,” The Washington Post, March 23, 2017,

Udall, Stewart L. The Quiet Crisis. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1963.

O’Donoghue, Amy Joi, “Counties Drawing Maps on Preferred Monument Boundaries,” Deseret News, June 20, 2017,

Zinke, Ryan K, “Interim Report Pursuant to Executive Order 13792,” Memorandum to the President, June 10, 2017.

O’Donoghue, Amy Joi, “Times in History When U.S. Presidents Have Acted to Shrink Monuments,” Deseret News, June 12, 2017,

“Protecting Bears Ears National Monument,” Native American Rights Fund, retrieved March 2019,

HR 4532, Shash Jaa National Monument and Indian Creek National Monument Act, introduced December 4, 2017,

HR 4558, Grand Staircase Escalante Enhancement Act, introduced December 6, 2017,

HR 3990, National Monument Creation and Protection Act, introduced October 6, 2017,

HR 2044, America’s Red Rock Wilderness Act, introduced April 6, 2017,

S 948, America’s Red Rock Wilderness Act of 2017, introduced April 26, 2017,

S 367, Antiquities Act, introduced February 7, 2019,

HR 871, Bears Ears Expansion and Respect for Sovereignty Act, introduced January 30, 2019,

HR 1373, Grand Canyon Centennial Protection Act, introduced February 26, 2019,

Groene, Scott, “Election 2016: What It Means for the Redrock,” Redrock Wilderness, Vol. 33, No. 3, Autumn/Winter 2016, pp. 4-5,

Ujifusa, Jen, “Glorious Redrock Landscapes Protected—at Last—in San Rafael Swell Legislation,”Redrock Wilderness,Vol. 36, No. 1, Spring 2019, pp. 6-10,

S 47, John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act, became Public Law No. 116-9, March 12, 2019,

Jones, Allison, editor. Do Mechanical Vegetation Treatments of Pinyon-Juniper and Sagebrush Communities Work? A Review of the Literature. Salt Lake City: Wild Utah Project, February 2019,

“Citing New Scientific Report, SUWA Calls on BLM to Halt Mechanical ‘Vegetation Treatment’ Projects in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument,” Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance, April 10, 2019,

U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management and Office of the Solicitor (editors). 2001. The Federal Land Policy and Management Act, as amended. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management Office of Public Affairs, Washington, D.C.,